What Does Anatomical Terminology Mean?

What is the anatomical term for chin?

Chin: Medically, the mentum.

The lower portion of the face below the lower lip including the prominence of the lower jaw and the line of fusion of the two separate halves of the jawbone (mandible)..

Why do we use anatomical terminology?

By using precise anatomical terminology, we eliminate ambiguity. Anatomical terms derive from ancient Greek and Latin words. Because these languages are no longer used in everyday conversation, the meaning of their words does not change. Anatomical terms are made up of roots, prefixes, and suffixes.

How are anatomical directional terms used?

Anatomical Directional TermsAnterior: In front of, front.Posterior: After, behind, following, toward the rear.Distal: Away from, farther from the origin.Proximal: Near, closer to the origin.Dorsal: Near the upper surface, toward the back.Ventral: Toward the bottom, toward the belly.Superior: Above, over.Inferior: Below, under.More items…•Jul 3, 2019

What are the five organs of the body?

The human body contains five organs that are considered vital for survival. They are the heart, brain, kidneys, liver, and lungs. The locations of these five organs and several other internal organs are shown in the figure below.

What is the scientific name for forehead?

In human anatomy, the forehead is an area of the head bounded by three features, two of the skull and one of the scalp. The top of the forehead is marked by the hairline, the edge of the area where hair on the scalp grows. … In Terminologia Anatomica, sinciput is given as the Latin equivalent to “forehead”.

What is the smallest organ in the human body?

pineal glandWhat’s the smallest organ in the human body? You’ll find the pineal gland near the center of the brain, in a groove between the hemispheres. It’s not an organ like those in the abdominal cavity.

What is your largest organ?

The skin is the body’s largest organ.

What is the anatomical term for neck?

In anatomy, the neck is also called by its Latin names, cervix or collum, although when used alone, in context, the word cervix more often refers to the uterine cervix, the neck of the uterus.

How do you remember anatomical terms?

MemorizationLink the word to the structure by creating a mental picture.Find the meaning of the word (which is usually Latin or Greek) by investing in a ‘Medical terminology script’ or taking a course (usually the university includes this in the curriculum).More items…

What are the 12 organs of the body?

Some of the easily recognisable internal organs and their associated functions are:The brain. The brain is the control centre of the nervous system and is located within the skull. … The lungs. … The liver. … The bladder. … The kidneys. … The heart. … The stomach. … The intestines.Nov 14, 2018

What is the anatomical term for forehead?

CardsTerm SkullDefinition CranialTerm HeadDefinition CephalicTerm FaceDefinition FacialTerm ForeheadDefinition FrontalTerm TempleDefinition Temporal101 more rows•Jan 27, 2010

Why is directional terminology important?

Regions of the body are identified using terms such as “occipital” that are more precise than common words and phrases such as “the back of the head.” Directional terms such as anterior and posterior are essential for accurately describing the relative locations of body structures.