What Are The 10 Directional Terms?

What are the 4 body planes?

The anatomical planes are four imaginary flat surfaces or planes that pass through the body in the anatomical position.

They are the median plane, sagittal planes, coronal (frontal) planes and horizontal (transverse) planes (figure 2)..

Is the thumb medial to the pinky?

The pinky is medial to the thumb. The thigh joins to the lateral border of the pelvis. The thumb is lateral to the pinky.

What are the 12 organs of the body?

Some of the easily recognisable internal organs and their associated functions are:The brain. The brain is the control centre of the nervous system and is located within the skull. … The lungs. … The liver. … The bladder. … The kidneys. … The heart. … The stomach. … The intestines.Nov 14, 2018

What are the 9 regions of the body?

The nine regions are smaller than the four abdominopelvic quadrants and include the right hypochondriac, right lumbar, right illiac, epigastric, umbilical, hypogastric (or pubic), left hypochondriac, left lumbar, and left illiac divisions. The perineum is sometimes considered to be the tenth division.

What are directional terms?

Directional terms describe the positions of structures relative to other structures or locations in the body. Superior or cranial – toward the head end of the body; upper (example, the hand is part of the superior extremity).

What are the 78 organs in the human body?

Among these 78 organs, five organs are considered as vital for survival. These include the heart, brain, kidneys, liver and lungs….Types of Organs in a Human Body.Adrenal GlandsBladderHeartKidneysPancreasPharynxThymus GlandTongueTestesSeminal vesicles13 more columns

What are the body planes and directional terms?

Directional terms and body planesAnteriorIn front of or frontOccipitalTowards the back of the brainCoronal PlaneVertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posteriorSagittal PlaneVertice plane dividing the body into left and rightTransverse PlaneHorizontal plane dividing the body into superior and inferior13 more rows

What is dorsal view?

Dorsal means the upper surface of an organism. For example, the dorsal view of a butterfly would be viewing the insect from above: Insects within a reference collection are commonly mounted so that their dorsal surface is visible.

Is the elbow distal to the wrist?

The wrist joint is distal to the elbow joint. The scaphoid lies in the proximal row of carpal bones.

What are the directional terms in anatomy?

Anatomical Directional TermsAnterior: In front of, front.Posterior: After, behind, following, toward the rear.Distal: Away from, farther from the origin.Proximal: Near, closer to the origin.Dorsal: Near the upper surface, toward the back.Ventral: Toward the bottom, toward the belly.Superior: Above, over.Inferior: Below, under.More items…•Jul 3, 2019

What directional term means below?

inferior or caudal. Directional term meaning toward the feet or tail, or below.

What are the 12 directional terms?

Terms in this set (12)Ventral. Toward the Front (or belly)Dorsal. Toward the Back (or spine)Anterior. Toward the front Side.posterior. Toward the back side.Superior. Above.Inferior. Below.Medial. Towards the middle.Lateral. Towards the side.More items…

What are the 8 directional terms?

Terms in this set (8)Upwards. superior.downwards. inferior.outwards. lateral.Moving to middle. Medial.Belly/Front of body. Anterior.backside. posterior.Close to the point of attachment. proximal.Further away from point of attachment. distal.

What are the 11 body regions?

Terms in this set (12)Blood vessel,Artery,Veins, heart. … Tonsil, Thymus, Thoracic duct, spleen, lymph node, lymphatic. … Salivary gland, pharynx, mouth, esophagus, liver, stomach, gallbladder, large intestine, pancreas, small intestine, anus. … Pharynx, larynx, treachea, bronchus, lung.More items…

Is dorsal a top or bottom?

The dorsal (from Latin dorsum ‘back’) surface of an organism refers to the back, or upper side, of an organism. If talking about the skull, the dorsal side is the top. The ventral (from Latin venter ‘belly’) surface refers to the front, or lower side, of an organism.

Which directional term means lying face down?

ProneProne: With the front or ventral surface downward (lying face down), as opposed to supine. Proximal: Toward the beginning, as opposed to distal. Sagittal: A vertical plane passing through the standing body from front to back. The mid-sagittal, or median plane, splits the body into left and right halves.

Why do we need directional terms?

Regions of the body are identified using terms such as “occipital” that are more precise than common words and phrases such as “the back of the head.” Directional terms such as anterior and posterior are essential for accurately describing the relative locations of body structures.

Why are directional terms important?

Understanding terminology ensures doctors and technicians have a shared method of communicating, which helps to avoid confusion when pinpointing structures and describing locations of lesions. Knowing your directional terms makes things clear and saves time!