Quick Answer: What Are The 8 Directional Terms?

What directional term means below?

inferior or caudal.

Directional term meaning toward the feet or tail, or below..

What are the 12 organs of the body?

Some of the easily recognisable internal organs and their associated functions are:The brain. The brain is the control centre of the nervous system and is located within the skull. … The lungs. … The liver. … The bladder. … The kidneys. … The heart. … The stomach. … The intestines.Nov 14, 2018

Is the elbow distal to the wrist?

The wrist joint is distal to the elbow joint. The scaphoid lies in the proximal row of carpal bones.

What is the normal anatomical position?

Anatomical terminology for hominids refers to the body in what is called standard anatomical position. Standard anatomical position is that of a human standing, looking forward, feet together and pointing forward, with none of the long bones crossed from the viewer’s perspective.

What are the 5 regions of the body?

The human body is roughly apportionable into five big regions: head, neck, torso, upper extremity and lower extremity.

What are the 78 organs in the human body?

Among these 78 organs, five organs are considered as vital for survival. These include the heart, brain, kidneys, liver and lungs….Types of Organs in a Human Body.Adrenal GlandsBladderHeartKidneysPancreasPharynxThymus GlandTongueTestesSeminal vesicles13 more columns

Is the thumb medial to the pinky?

The pinky is medial to the thumb. The thigh joins to the lateral border of the pelvis. The thumb is lateral to the pinky.

Which directional term means lying face down?

ProneProne: With the front or ventral surface downward (lying face down), as opposed to supine. Proximal: Toward the beginning, as opposed to distal. Sagittal: A vertical plane passing through the standing body from front to back. The mid-sagittal, or median plane, splits the body into left and right halves.

What are the different directional terms?

Directional Terms Inferior or caudal – away from the head; lower (example, the foot is part of the inferior extremity). Anterior or ventral – front (example, the kneecap is located on the anterior side of the leg). Posterior or dorsal – back (example, the shoulder blades are located on the posterior side of the body).

What are the anatomical directions?

Anterior (or ventral) Describes the front or direction toward the front of the body. The toes are anterior to the foot. Posterior (or dorsal) Describes the back or direction toward the back of the body.

What are the 11 body regions?

Terms in this set (12)Blood vessel,Artery,Veins, heart. … Tonsil, Thymus, Thoracic duct, spleen, lymph node, lymphatic. … Salivary gland, pharynx, mouth, esophagus, liver, stomach, gallbladder, large intestine, pancreas, small intestine, anus. … Pharynx, larynx, treachea, bronchus, lung.More items…

What are the 10 directional terms?

Anatomical Directional TermsAnterior: In front of, front.Posterior: After, behind, following, toward the rear.Distal: Away from, farther from the origin.Proximal: Near, closer to the origin.Dorsal: Near the upper surface, toward the back.Ventral: Toward the bottom, toward the belly.Superior: Above, over.Inferior: Below, under.More items…•Jul 3, 2019

Is dorsal a top or bottom?

The dorsal (from Latin dorsum ‘back’) surface of an organism refers to the back, or upper side, of an organism. If talking about the skull, the dorsal side is the top. The ventral (from Latin venter ‘belly’) surface refers to the front, or lower side, of an organism.

What are the 4 body planes?

The anatomical planes are four imaginary flat surfaces or planes that pass through the body in the anatomical position. They are the median plane, sagittal planes, coronal (frontal) planes and horizontal (transverse) planes (figure 2).

What is the difference between distal and proximal?

In medicine, it refers to parts of the body further away from the center. For example, the hand is distal to the shoulder. … Distal is the opposite of proximal. Distal refers to distance, while proximal indicates proximity.

What are the 9 regions of the body?

The nine regions are smaller than the four abdominopelvic quadrants and include the right hypochondriac, right lumbar, right illiac, epigastric, umbilical, hypogastric (or pubic), left hypochondriac, left lumbar, and left illiac divisions. The perineum is sometimes considered to be the tenth division.

What are the 12 directional terms?

Terms in this set (12)Ventral. Toward the Front (or belly)Dorsal. Toward the Back (or spine)Anterior. Toward the front Side.posterior. Toward the back side.Superior. Above.Inferior. Below.Medial. Towards the middle.Lateral. Towards the side.More items…

Is dorsal front or back?

Anterior (or ventral) Describes the front or direction toward the front of the body. The toes are anterior to the foot. Posterior (or dorsal) Describes the back or direction toward the back of the body.

Why do we use directional terms?

Regions of the body are identified using terms such as “occipital” that are more precise than common words and phrases such as “the back of the head.” Directional terms such as anterior and posterior are essential for accurately describing the relative locations of body structures.

What are the 3 major body planes?

There are three planes commonly used; sagittal, coronal and transverse.