Question: Why Do We Use Anatomical Terminology?

What does anatomical terminology mean?

Anatomical terminology is a form of scientific terminology used by anatomists, zoologists, and health professionals such as doctors.

Anatomical terminology uses many unique terms, suffixes, and prefixes deriving from Ancient Greek and Latin.

By using precise anatomical terminology such ambiguity is eliminated..

Is dorsal a top or bottom?

The dorsal (from Latin dorsum ‘back’) surface of an organism refers to the back, or upper side, of an organism. If talking about the skull, the dorsal side is the top. The ventral (from Latin venter ‘belly’) surface refers to the front, or lower side, of an organism.

What are the main directional terms used for medical descriptions?

Descriptions of directional terms include: a) superior (head) and inferior (caudal), b) anterior and posterior, c) lateral and medial, d) deep and superficial, e) proximal and distal, and f) dorsal and ventral.

What are the characteristics of anatomical position?

In the anatomical position, the body is upright, directly facing the observer, feet flat and directed forward. The upper limbs are at the body’s sides with the palms facing forward.

How do you remember anatomical terms?

MemorizationLink the word to the structure by creating a mental picture.Find the meaning of the word (which is usually Latin or Greek) by investing in a ‘Medical terminology script’ or taking a course (usually the university includes this in the curriculum).More items…

What are the 12 organs of the body?

Some of the easily recognisable internal organs and their associated functions are:The brain. The brain is the control centre of the nervous system and is located within the skull. … The lungs. … The liver. … The bladder. … The kidneys. … The heart. … The stomach. … The intestines.Nov 14, 2018

What is the purpose of anatomical terms?

The purpose of anatomical terms is to provide a standardized frame of reference for describing the human body. In the anatomical position an anterior view is seen from the front and a posterior view from the back.

What are the four characteristics of anatomical position?

anatomical position: The standard position in which the body is standing with feet together, arms to the side, and head, eyes, and palms facing forward.

Why are directional terms so important?

Why are directional terms so important? Because they allow us to explain where one body structure is in relation to another. Directional terms allow us to explain where one body structure is in relation to another. The breastbone is ventral to the spine.

What are the 10 directional terms?

Anatomical Directional TermsAnterior: In front of, front.Posterior: After, behind, following, toward the rear.Distal: Away from, farther from the origin.Proximal: Near, closer to the origin.Dorsal: Near the upper surface, toward the back.Ventral: Toward the bottom, toward the belly.Superior: Above, over.Inferior: Below, under.More items…•Jul 3, 2019

What is a terminology?

1 : the technical or special terms used in a business, art, science, or special subject. 2 : nomenclature as a field of study. Other Words from terminology Synonyms Example Sentences Learn More about terminology.

What are the 4 main anatomical positions?

Anatomical TerminologySuperior or cranial – toward the head end of the body; upper (example, the hand is part of the superior extremity).Inferior or caudal – away from the head; lower (example, the foot is part of the inferior extremity).Anterior or ventral – front (example, the kneecap is located on the anterior side of the leg).More items…

What are the 4 body positions?

The four main anatomical positions are: supine, prone, right lateral recumbent, and left lateral recumbent. Each position is used in different medical circumstances.

What are the 3 body planes?

There are three planes commonly used; sagittal, coronal and transverse.

What is the anatomical term for forehead?

CardsTerm SkullDefinition CranialTerm HeadDefinition CephalicTerm FaceDefinition FacialTerm ForeheadDefinition FrontalTerm TempleDefinition Temporal101 more rows•Jan 27, 2010

Why is using terminology for standard anatomical position necessary?

The anatomical position is of importance in anatomy because it is the position of reference for anatomical nomenclature. Anatomic terms such as anterior and posterior, medial and lateral, abduction and adduction, and so on apply to the body when it is in the anatomical position.

What is the normal anatomical position?

Anatomical terminology for hominids refers to the body in what is called standard anatomical position. Standard anatomical position is that of a human standing, looking forward, feet together and pointing forward, with none of the long bones crossed from the viewer’s perspective.