Question: What Are Directional Terms?

What are the 8 directional terms?

Terms in this set (8)Upwards.



lateral.Moving to middle.

Medial.Belly/Front of body.


posterior.Close to the point of attachment.

proximal.Further away from point of attachment.


What is the importance of directional terms?

Understanding terminology ensures doctors and technicians have a shared method of communicating, which helps to avoid confusion when pinpointing structures and describing locations of lesions. Knowing your directional terms makes things clear and saves time!

What are the directional terms left and right used for?

Right indicates to the “right side of” and left indicates to the “left side of”.

What are the 4 body positions?

The four main anatomical positions are: supine, prone, right lateral recumbent, and left lateral recumbent.

What are the 4 body planes?

The anatomical planes are four imaginary flat surfaces or planes that pass through the body in the anatomical position. They are the median plane, sagittal planes, coronal (frontal) planes and horizontal (transverse) planes (figure 2).

Which directional term means lying face down?

ProneProne: With the front or ventral surface downward (lying face down), as opposed to supine. Proximal: Toward the beginning, as opposed to distal. Sagittal: A vertical plane passing through the standing body from front to back. The mid-sagittal, or median plane, splits the body into left and right halves.

What is the difference between distal and proximal?

In medicine, it refers to parts of the body further away from the center. For example, the hand is distal to the shoulder. … Distal is the opposite of proximal. Distal refers to distance, while proximal indicates proximity.

What are the 12 directional terms?

Terms in this set (12)Ventral. Toward the Front (or belly)Dorsal. Toward the Back (or spine)Anterior. Toward the front Side.posterior. Toward the back side.Superior. Above.Inferior. Below.Medial. Towards the middle.Lateral. Towards the side.More items…

Why do we use directional terms?

Regions of the body are identified using terms such as “occipital” that are more precise than common words and phrases such as “the back of the head.” Directional terms such as anterior and posterior are essential for accurately describing the relative locations of body structures.

What directional term means below?

inferior or caudal. Directional term meaning toward the feet or tail, or below.

What is the opposite directional term for caudal?

cephalic (opposite of caudal, same as superior)

What are directional terms and give an example of one?

Directional Terms Inferior or caudal – away from the head; lower (example, the foot is part of the inferior extremity). Anterior or ventral – front (example, the kneecap is located on the anterior side of the leg). Posterior or dorsal – back (example, the shoulder blades are located on the posterior side of the body).

Is dorsal a top or bottom?

The dorsal (from Latin dorsum ‘back’) surface of an organism refers to the back, or upper side, of an organism. If talking about the skull, the dorsal side is the top. The ventral (from Latin venter ‘belly’) surface refers to the front, or lower side, of an organism.

How do you remember directional terms?

The first pair of directional terms refer to the relative position toward or away from the head. Superior (or cranial) means “toward the head end of the body” or “higher/above.” You can remember this because the head of a company is your superior at work. He or she holds a “higher” position than you do.

What are the directional terms of the body?

Anatomical Directional TermsAnterior: In front of, front.Posterior: After, behind, following, toward the rear.Distal: Away from, farther from the origin.Proximal: Near, closer to the origin.Dorsal: Near the upper surface, toward the back.Ventral: Toward the bottom, toward the belly.Superior: Above, over.Inferior: Below, under.More items…•Jul 3, 2019

What is the anatomical term for head?

The cephalon or cephalic region refers to the head. This area is further differentiated into the cranium (skull), facies (face), frons (forehead), oculus (eye area), auris (ear), bucca (cheek), nasus (nose), oris (mouth), and mentum (chin).

Is the thumb medial to the pinky?

The pinky is medial to the thumb. The thigh joins to the lateral border of the pelvis. The thumb is lateral to the pinky.

What are the main directional terms used for medical descriptions?

Descriptions of directional terms include: a) superior (head) and inferior (caudal), b) anterior and posterior, c) lateral and medial, d) deep and superficial, e) proximal and distal, and f) dorsal and ventral.

Which two of the directional terms are reserved for the limbs?

Regional Terms Notice that the term “brachium” or “arm” is reserved for the “upper arm” and “antebrachium” or “forearm” is used rather than “lower arm.” Similarly, “femur” or “thigh” is correct, and “leg” or “crus” is reserved for the portion of the lower limb between the knee and the ankle.